Trastuzumab Emtansine Plus Pertuzumab Versus Taxane Plus Trastuzumab Plus Pertuzumab After Anthracycline for High-Risk Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2–Positive Early Breast Cancer: The Phase III KAITLIN Study

Author(s): Ian E. Krop, MD1; Seock-Ah Im, MD2; Carlos Barrios, MD3; Hervé Bonnefoi, MD4; Julie Gralow, MD5; Masakazu Toi, MD6;
Source: J Clin Oncol. 2022 Feb 10;40(5):438-448. doi: 10.1200/JCO.21.00896. Epub 2021 Dec 10.
Lucio Gordan MD

Dr. Lucio Gordan's Thoughts

Negative study that documents failure of accretive benefit of TDM1/pertuzumab over trastuzumab/pertuzumab. Exploration of other pathways or target/payload will be necessary for clinical improvement/risk reduction of recurrence.

PURPOSE

We aimed to improve efficacy and reduce toxicity of high-risk human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)–positive early breast cancer (EBC) treatment by replacing taxanes and trastuzumab with trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1).

METHODS

The phase III KAITLIN study (NCT01966471) included adults with excised HER2-positive EBC (node-positive or node-negative, hormone receptor–negative, and tumor > 2.0 cm). Postsurgery, patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to anthracycline-based chemotherapy (three-four cycles) and then 18 cycles of T-DM1 plus pertuzumab (AC-KP) or taxane (three-four cycles) plus trastuzumab plus pertuzumab (AC-THP). Adjuvant radiotherapy/endocrine therapy was permitted. Coprimary end points were invasive disease-free survival (IDFS) in the intention-to-treat node-positive and overall populations with hierarchical testing.

RESULTS

The median follow-up was 57.1 months (interquartile range, 52.1-60.1 months) for AC-THP (n = 918) and 57.0 months (interquartile range, 52.1-59.8 months) for AC-KP (n = 928). There was no significant IDFS difference between arms in the node-positive (n = 1,658; stratified hazard ratio [HR], 0.97; 95% CI, 0.71 to 1.32) or overall population (n = 1846; stratified HR, 0.98; 95% CI, 0.72 to 1.32). In the overall population, the three-year IDFS was 94.2% (95% CI, 92.7 to 95.8) for AC-THP and 93.1% (95% CI, 91.4 to 94.7) for AC-KP. Treatment completion rates (ie, 18 cycles) were 88.4% for AC-THP and 65.0% for AC-KP (difference driven by T-DM1 discontinuation because of laboratory abnormalities [12.5%]). Similar rates of grade ≥ 3 (55.4% v 51.8%) and serious adverse events (23.3% v 21.4%) occurred with AC-THP and AC-KP, respectively. KP decreased clinically meaningful deterioration in global health status versus THP (stratified HR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.62 to 0.80).

CONCLUSION

The primary end point was not met. Both arms achieved favorable IDFS. Trastuzumab plus pertuzumab plus chemotherapy remains the standard of care for high-risk HER2-positive EBC.

Author Affiliations

1Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA. 2Seoul National University Hospital, Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. 3Oncology Research Unit, Oncoclínicas, HSL, PUCRS, Porto Alegre, Brazil. 4Institut Bergonié Unicancer and Bordeaux University, Bordeaux, France. 5University of Washington, Seattle, WA. 6Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Related Articles

PACE: A Randomized Phase II Study of Fulvestrant, Palbociclib, and Avelumab After Progression on Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4/6 Inhibitor and Aromatase Inhibitor for Hormone Receptor–Positive/Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor–Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer

Findings from the PACE study show that the addition of Palbociclib to Fulvestrant was not better than Fulvestrant alone, and the addition of Avelumab to Fulvestrant improved and nearly doubled the PFS. This is compelling and should be studied further for our patients with HR+ HER2- MBC.

Read More »

Efficacy and Safety of Trastuzumab Deruxtecan in Patients With HER2-Expressing Solid Tumors: Primary Results From the DESTINY-PanTumor02 Phase II Trial

This is a study showing tumor agnostic activity of trastuzumab deruxtecan (T-DXd) with an all-comer overall response rate (ORR) of 37.1%, duration of response (DOR) of 11.3 months and an overall survival (OS) of 13.4 months in an otherwise heavily pre-treated group. Those with IHC-3+ derived larger benefit than 2+. Patients with ERBB2 mutations who had no expression of HER2 were excluded from the trial.

Read More »

Randomized Trial of Exercise and Nutrition on Chemotherapy Completion and Pathologic Complete Response in Women With Breast Cancer: The Lifestyle, Exercise, and Nutrition Early After Diagnosis Study

There have been studies showing decreased recurrence in women who underwent curative breast surgeries (walking and yoga). This study assesses if it will affect the intensity of chemotherapy delivered. Although it did not affect it, women who underwent the program had better pathologic complete response (pCR), we need more studies to assess role of nutrition and exercise in treating cancer as we develop a wholesome approach to treat our patients, something we may be able to do in our practice.

Read More »

Nine-Week Versus One-Year Trastuzumab for Early Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2–Positive Breast Cancer: 10-Year Update of the ShortHER Phase III Randomized Trial

This is a 10-year follow-up of the ShortHER study using nine weeks vs. 12 months of adjuvant trastuzumab in HR+ non-metastatic breast cancer. With long-term follow-up, non-inferiority could not be claimed statistically. Still, the DFS/OS results are identical in those patients with N0-N3 disease, while those with N4 disease seemed to have a significant difference favoring 12 months of therapy, suggesting that volume/burden of disease drives the margin of benefit in adjuvant trastuzumab therapy.

Read More »